Document Type : Review Article


1 Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka

2 Department of Applied Computing, Faculty of Computing and Technology, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka


Sri Lanka was well known as agricultural based economy, which was more focused on paddy, tea, rubber and coconut. However recently it has changed it direction towards knowledge based economy, passing by the industrial based economy. Information and communication technology industry has a critical role in improving productivity and economic growth in knowledge based economy. At the same time this industry has create many new employment opportunities, contributed to increase the earnings from export market and attracting foreign investors for investments.  This paper discussed the nature of the information and communication technology industry in Sri Lanka, challenges and opportunities available, role players in the industry, information and communication technology infrastructure development in the country and finally it discussed the prospects and strategies for future development of the industry. Study considered secondary data sources which includes information related to the Sri Lankan information and communication technology industry. These include journal articles, proceedings of conferences, and survey publications of different bodies relating to the Sri Lankan ICT industry.


ATKerney, (2014). ATKerney Global Services Location Index. Available at: [Accessed on 10 June 2015].
BMZ, (2011). IT-Sector promotion in developing and emerging countries: Manual. Federal Ministry for Economic Corporation and Development (BMZ). [Accessed on 03 June 2015].
Ceylon Electricity Board, (2014). Annual Report. Sri Lanka.
Department of Census and Statistics, (2014), Computer Literacy Statistics – 2014. Sri Lanka
Export Development Board, (2011). ICT Export Value Survey 2010. Sri Lanka
FITIS, (2015) available at[Accsesed on 26 June 2015 ]
Hanna, Nagy K. (2004). Why National Strategies Are Needed for ICT-Enabled Development. Information Solutions Group Paper. Washington, DC:World Bank.
Mid Pacific ICT Center, (2015). http://www. [Accessed on 12 June 2015]
Ngwenyama, O. and Morawczynski, O. (2010). Factors affecting ICT expansion in emerging economies: An analysis of ICT infrastructure expansion in five Latin American countries. Information Technology for Development Volume 15, Issue 4.
OECD, (2004). The Economic Impact of ICT: Measurement, Evidence and Implications. OECD Publishing, Paris. [Accessed on 20 April 2015].
OECD, (2007).  Information economy. Sector definitions based on the international standard industry classification (isic 4).
PricewaterhoseCoopers, (2014). Sri Lankan IT/BPM Industry 2014 Review. SLASSCOM Publication.
SLASSCOM, (2014). Available at [Accsesed on 02 December 2014]
SLASSCOM, (2015). Forward newsletter, issue 19.
UNCTAD, (2012). Information economy report 2012. The Software Industry and Developing Countries. United Nations publication. New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD, (2013). Promoting local it sector development through public procurement. United Nations publication. New York and Geneva.
World Bank. 2011. Information & Communication Technologies Sector Strategy.