Job-Crafting and Organizational Commitment: Person-Job Fit as Moderator in Banking Sector of Pakistan

Document Type: Original Research

Author

1 SZABIST, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan

2 Branch Banking, MCB Bank Ltd, Attock, Pakistan

Abstract

There is intense pressure over organizations to survive in the ever-changing world of competition. Human resource is a prime factor that has no alternative and substitute. Success of any organization is highly dependent upon quality of human resource. This study investigates inter play of job crafting , organizational commitment and moderating role of person-job fit in banking sector of Pakistan..200 questionnaires were floated at email addresses of employees working at branch level of bank. Response rate in this study is 84%.Regression analyses and Andrew Hayes Technique of moderation has been used to perform data analysis. There is significant impact of job crafting over organizational commitment of employees. Person-Job Fit is playing its role as moderator with job crafting and organizational commitment.it is of high significance that with increasing value of person-job fit, its moderating impact decreases. 

Keywords


Ambrose, M. L., & Schminke, M. (2003). Organization structure as a moderator of the relationship between procedural justice, interactional justice, perceived organizational support, and supervisory trust. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(2), 295.
Athens, L. (2000). Violent Criminal Acts and Actors Revisited.
Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Xanthopoulou, D. (2012). How do engaged employees stay engaged. Ciencia & Trabajo, 14(1), 15-21.
Bakker, A. B., Tims, M., & Derks, D. (2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65(10), 1359-1378.
Brkich, M., Jeffs, D., & Carless, S. A. (2002). A global self-report measure of person-job fit. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18(1), 43.
Buchanan, A., & Norko, M. A. (2011). The Psychiatric Report: Principles and Practice of Forensic Writing: Cambridge University Press.
Cable, D. M., & DeRue, D. S. (2002). The convergent and discriminant validity of subjective fit perceptions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(5), 875.
Caldwell, D. F., & O'Reilly, C. A. (1990). Measuring person-job fit with a profile-comparison process. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(6), 648.
Chen, C.-Y., Yen, C.-H., & Tsai, F. C. (2014). Job crafting and job engagement: The mediating role of person-job fit. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 37, 21-28.
Chiaburu, D. S., & Harrison, D. A. (2008). Do peers make the place? Conceptual synthesis and meta-analysis of coworker effects on perceptions, attitudes, OCBs, and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5), 1082.
Collins, M., & Amabile, T. M. (1999). I5 motivation and creativity. Handbook of creativity, 297.
Crum, A. J., & Langer, E. J. (2007). Mind-set matters exercise and the placebo effect. Psychological Science, 18(2), 165-171.
DeCotiis, T. A., & Summers, T. P. (1987). A path analysis of a model of the antecedents and consequences of organizational commitment. Human Relations, 40(7), 445-470.
Dutton, J. E., & Heaphy, E. D. (2003). The power of high-quality connections. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 3, 263-278.
Edwards, J. R. (1996). An examination of competing versions of the person-environment fit approach to stress. Academy of Management Journal, 39(2), 292-339.
Fletcher, J. K. (1998). Relational practice: A feminist reconstruction of work. Journal of Management Inquiry, 7(2), 163.
Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration: Univ of California Press.
Grant, A. M. (2007). Relational job design and the motivation to make a prosocial difference. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 393-417.
Harinck, F., De Dreu, C. K., & Van Vianen, A. E. (2000). The impact of conflict issues on fixed-pie perceptions, problem solving, and integrative outcomes in negotiation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 81(2), 329-358.
Hecht, T. D., & Allen, N. J. (2005). Exploring links between polychronicity and well-being from the perspective of person–job fit: Does it matter if you prefer to do only one thing at a time? Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 98(2), 155-178.
Hon, A. H. (2012). When competency-based pay relates to creative performance: The moderating role of employee psychological need. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31(1), 130-138.
Ibarra, H. (2003). Working Identity: Unconventional Strategies for Reinventing Your Career: Harvard Business School Press.
Iqbal¹, Q., & Ahmad, B. Organizational Justice, Trust and Organizational Commitment in Banking Sector of Pakistan.
Johnson, M. P. (1999). Personal, moral, and structural commitment to relationships Handbook of interpersonal commitment and relationship stability (pp. 73-87): Springer.
Kristof‐Brown, A. L. (2000). Perceived Applicant Fit: Distinguishing Between Recruiters'perceptions of Person‐Job and Person‐Organization Fit. Personnel Psychology, 53(3), 643-671.
Kristof‐Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D., & Johnson, E. C. (2005). Consequences of Individuals'fit at Work: A Meta‐Analysis of Person–Job, Person–Organization, Person–Group, and Person–Supervisor Fit. Personnel Psychology, 58(2), 281-342.
Kristof, A. L. (1996). Person‐organization fit: An integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49(1), 1-49.
Langer, E. J. (1989). Mindfulness: Addison-Wesley/Addison Wesley Longman.
Lauver, K. J., & Kristof-Brown, A. (2001). Distinguishing between employees' perceptions of person–job and person–organization fit. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 59(3), 454-470.
Leana, C., Appelbaum, E., & Shevchuk, I. (2009). Work process and quality of care in early childhood education: The role of job crafting. Academy of Management Journal, 52(6), 1169-1192.
Lyons, P. (2008). The crafting of jobs and individual differences. Journal of Business and Psychology, 23(1-2), 25-36.
Meyer, D. K., & Turner, J. C. (2002). Discovering emotion in classroom motivation research. Educational psychologist, 37(2), 107-114.
Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89.
Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(4), 538.
Oettingen, G., Pak, H.-j., & Schnetter, K. (2001). Self-regulation of goal-setting: Turning free fantasies about the future into binding goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(5), 736.
Petrou, P., Demerouti, E., Peeters, M. C., Schaufeli, W. B., & Hetland, J. (2012). Crafting a job on a daily basis: Contextual correlates and the link to work engagement. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(8), 1120-1141.
Ragins, B. R., & Kram, K. E. (2007). The handbook of mentoring at work: Theory, research, and practice: Sage Publications.
Reichers, A. E. (1985). A review and reconceptualization of organizational commitment. Academy of Management Review, 10(3), 465-476.
Steers, R. M. (1977). Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46-56.
Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2), 1-9.
Tims, M., Bakker, A. B., & Derks, D. (2012). Development and validation of the job crafting scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(1), 173-186.
Van den Broeck, A., Vansteenkiste, M., De Witte, H., & Lens, W. (2008). Explaining the relationships between job characteristics, burnout, and engagement: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction. Work & Stress, 22(3), 277-294.
Van Dyne, L., & Pierce, J. L. (2004). Psychological ownership and feelings of possession: Three field studies predicting employee attitudes and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(4), 439-459.
Werbel, J., & Demarie, S. M. (2001). Aligning Strategic Human Resource Management And Person-Environment Fit: A Strategic Contingency Perspective. Paper presented at the Academy of Management Proceedings.
Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179-201.
Wrzesniewski, A., Dutton, J. E., & Debebe, G. (2003). Interpersonal sensemaking and the meaning of work. Research in organizational behavior, 25, 93-135.