Impact of Natural Born Leader Qualities on the Project Team Performance: The Influences of Demographics (Gender and Age)

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 MS Scholar, Dept. of Management Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

2 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Management Sciences, Institute of Management Sciences (IM Sciences), Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of nature born leader qualities on project team performance. This research also studies the influence of demographic factors (age, and gender) on the impacts of a nature born leader qualities intention in projects perspective. A quantitative technique was adopted in this research. Data were collected through questionnaire survey from Pakistani project. Questionnaire form covered all variables and collected data analyzed through SPSS. Regression Analysis and Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank tests were applied to test the hypothesis and make inference from the collected data. Statistical analysis revealed the impact of natural born leader qualities on both subjective and objective performance of project teams. Finding also supported the proposed hypotheses about influences of demographic variables. The findings address a number of weaknesses in literature by providing statistical evidence of the influence demographic characteristics. The findings can thus help theoretically; and practically to project manager by understanding the conflict resolution of different age and gender of their followers. This research also benefit for the research scholar engaged in pursuing literature on leadership behavior, project management and performance.

Keywords


Albery, I., Chandler, C., Field, A., Jones, D., Messer, D., & Moore, S. (2004). Complete psychology. Dubai: Hodder Arnold.
Aqeel, B. (2015). Relationship between age diversity and conflict management styles in organizations of Pakistan. Journal of business Studies, 11(1), 58-66.
Bartol, X. Z. (2010). Linking empowering leadership and employee creativity: the influence of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Academy of Management Journal, 53 107–128.
Blank, W. (2001). The 108 skills of natural born leaders. Broadway: NY: AMACOM.
Bonhard, P. H. (2006). Accounting for taste: using profile similarity to improve recommender systems. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1057–1066). In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI : ACM.
Borma, W. &. (1997). Task performance and contextual performance: the meaning for personnel selection research. Human Performance, 10, 99-109.
Clegg, F. (1990). Simple statistics (7th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cummings, G. R. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 607-634.
Dastmalchian, A.  M. J. (2001). Effective leadership and culture in Iran: An empirical study. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50, 532-558.
Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education: An introduction to the philosophy. NY: The Macmillan Company.
Doets, C. H. (2002). Lifelong learning in the Netherlands: The state of the art in 2000. Thessaloniki, Greece: European Centre for Development of Vocational Training.
Eagly, A. H.  & M. C.S. (2003). Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and men. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 569–591.
Hambley, L. O. (2007). Virtual team leadership: The effects of leadership styles and communication medium on team interaction styles and outcomes. Organization Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103, 1-20.
Hennig, M. (1977). The managerial woman. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press.
Joeran Beel, S. L. (2013). The impact of demographics (age and gender) and other user-characteristics on evaluating recommender systems. 17 international Conference on Theory and Practices in Digital Libraries (pp. 400–404). Melta: Valleta.
Kadyrkulova, A. (2008). Female and Gender Leadership. Master thesis: Baltic Business School.
Lewin, K.  R. L. (1939). Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates. Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 271-301.
Madlock, P. E. (2008). The link between leadership style, communication competence, and employee satisfaction. Journal of Business Communication, 45, 61-75. doi:10.1177/0021943607309351.
Marlow, S. (2002). Self-employed Women: A Part of or apart from Feminist Theory? Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 2 (2), 23-37.
Molero, F. C. (2007). Relations and effects of transformational leadership: a comparative analysis with traditional leadership styles. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 10(2), 358-368.
Parsons, J. R. (2004). Using viewing time to infer user preference in recommender systems. Proceedings of the AAAI Workshop on Semantic Web Personalization Held in Conjunction with the 9th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence.
Saeid-Karimi, A. H. J. (2013). Understanding role models and gender influences on entrepreneurial intentions among college students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93, 204 – 214.
Steinhoff, R. L. (2015). Natural born leaders: Use of a self-assessment tool and benefits to coaching and development. Journal of Practical Consulting, 5(2), 19-28.
Tain-Fungwu, M.H. T.H. (2006). Study of the relationship between manager’s leadership style and organizational commitment in Taiwan’s international tourist hotels. Asian Journal of Management and Humanity Sciences, 1, 434-452.
Tucker, B., & Russell, F. (2004). The influence of the transformational leader. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 10(4), 105-110.
Vigoda-Gadot, E.  S. (2007). Leadership style, organizational politics, and employees‟ performance: An empirical examination of two competing model. Personnel Review, 36, 661-683.
Warrick, D. D. (1981). Leadership styles and their consequences. Journal of Experiential Learning and Simulation, 3, 155-172.
William Gentry, J. J. (2012). Are leaders born or made? Perspectives from the executive suite. Center for Creative Leadership, 04-13.
Wong, S. M.Y. (2015). Age differences in behavioral intention to use internet marketing: a comparative study between Malaysian and Taiwanese . International Journal of Business and Society, 16(3), 386 - 396.
Yukl, G. (2010). Leadership in organizations (7th ed.). Upper Saddle Back, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Zhou, S. J. (2003). Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity evidence from Korea. Academy of Management Journal, 46, 703–714.