Original Research
The Effect of Product Market on Dividend Policy and Firms’ Dividends

Rozita Kheirkhah; Abdorreza Asadi; Ahmad Zendehdel

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, Pages 1161-1175

  The present research is conducted to study the effect of product market power on dividend policy and firms’ dividends. In this regard, 83 firms were selected from 2011-2016. Lerner adjusted index was used as a measure of market power; next, the effect on the dividend policy and dividend was examined ...  Read More

Original Research
Effect of FDI, R & D, and High-Tech Exports on Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Pakistan and Canada over the Period of 1982-2011

Waqar Ahmad; Aqsa Bibi; Aqsa Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, Pages 1176-1191

  Innovation is coming from new Knowledge, and new Technology. The author select these two countries because Canada has a very strong innovative economy, while Pakistan is not so strong. The study concludes that foreign direct investment, R&D, and High-tech exports have a positive impact on economic ...  Read More

Review Article
Application of System Dynamics in Forecasting: A Systematic Review

Mahyar Kamali Saraji; Ali Morovati Sharifabadi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, Pages 1192-1205

  Forecasting is a part of decision-making system, and the outcomes gained from the businesses and industries are all resulted from the decisions taken in the past by relying upon the future forecasting. When it's difficult to forecast mentally, we need to use modeling. The system dynamics of a modeling ...  Read More

Original Research
Role of University Education in Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan

Waqar Ahmad; Z Zahoor; Aqsa Bibi; Mehnaz Begum; Maryam Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, Pages 1206-1218

  The role of university education, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of PhD’s by the Higher Education Commissions (HEC) attainment has guaranteed improved economic conditions. HEC promoted the higher education by providing different indigenous ...  Read More

Case Study
Family Planning and its Effect on Household in Pakistan: A Case Study of Peshawar

Aqsa Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, Pages 1219-1225

  Family planning plays an important role to control population growth, and poverty reduction, human development. In all over the world population is increases day by day especially in underdeveloped countries and it creates serious problem. In Pakistan the ratio of population is also increase and if control ...  Read More