Document Type : Original Research


Department of Public Management , Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


This study aimed to identify and validate the organizational vigor creation model in the universities. In order to identify factors affecting the organizational vigor, after a focused literature review the consensus of the experts' opinion was explored. This information was placed in the form of a set of causal, intervening, axial, underlying, facilitating, strategic conditions and their outcomes by multiple codings based on granded theory model. These data were collected from 169 experts by snowball sampling method and the hypotheses were tested. For checking validity and reliability of the designed model SmartPLS and Spss softwares were used. Finally the relationships of these variables were presented based on the path analysis model. Based on the obtained results, Organizational vigor creation model, university growth has a significant effect on the strategic management of human resources; also, strategic management of human resources, intervening conditions and organizational support in resolving work-family conflict have a significant effect on university branding, and the latter also has a positive and significant effect on the vigorous state of human resources of the universities. The results of fitting showed that the model proposed in this study has good validity and fit. The significance, implications and limitations of results have also been deliberated for further research.


Main Subjects


©2023 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.

Abduraimi, P. B., Mustafi, M., & Islami, X. (2023). The role of organizational culture on employee engagement. Business: Theory and Practice, 24(1), 109-122.
Akhavan Sarraf, A. R., Abzari, M., Nasr Isfahani, A., & Fathi, S. (2017). Generational differences in job engagement: a case study of an industrial organization in Iran. Industrial and Commercial training, 49(3), 106-115.
Alkaser, S. A. (2021). Implementation of Administrative Empowerment in Tackling Organizational Problems as Perceived by Female Leaders at Shaqra University. Journal of Service Science and Management, 14(6), 585-596.
Alkorashy H, Alanazi M. (2023). Personal and Job-Related Factors Influencing the Work Engagement of Hospital Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study from Saudi Arabia. Healthcare. 11(4):572.
 Anaza, N. A., Nowlin, E. L., & Wu, G. J. (2016). Staying engaged on the job: the role of emotional labor, job resources, and customer orientation. European Journal of Marketing, 50(7/8), 1470-1492.
Arab, A., Amin Bidokhti, A., Moradzadeh, A., & Rastegar, A., (2016). A study of the structural relationships between Islamic work ethics, meeting growth needs, feeling energetic and the desire to leave the service, Scientific-Research Journal of Islamic Management, 24(1), 51-84.
Armon, G., Melamed, S., & Shirom, A. (2012). The relationship of the Job Demands‐Control‐Support Model with vigor across time: Testing for reciprocality. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 4(3), 276-298.
Azike, I. N., Okonkwo, E. A., Ezeh, M. A., Okonkwo, N. V., & Ikpenwa, C. E. (2023). Moderating Role of Perceived Organizational Support in the Relationship Between Work-Family Conflict and Work Engagement. Esut Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1).
Bamdad Sufi, J., & Imamat, M.S.M.M. (2018). Identifying and prioritizing the factors affecting the attraction and retention of scientific talents in the university, Journal of Human Resource Management Research, Imam Hossein University (AS), 10 (3),97-120.
Carmeli, A., Gelbard, R., & Gefen, D. (2010). The importance of innovation leadership in cultivating strategic fit and enhancing firm performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(3), 339-349.
Çayak, S. (2021). The mediating role of organizational happiness in the relationship between work engagement and life satisfaction: A study on teachers. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, 8(4), 27-46.
Corbeanu, A., & Iliescu, D. (2023). The Link between Work Engagement and Job Performance. Journal of Personnel Psychology; https://doi:10.1027/1866-5888/a000316.
Cortes-Denia, D., Lopez-Zafra, E., & Pulido-Martos, M. (2023). Physical and psychological health relations to engagement and vigor at work: A PRISMA-compliant systematic review. Current Psychology, 42(1), 765-780.
Ennida, K; Allouani, S. (2023). Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment of Teacher-Researchers through Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Literature Review.  Social Sciences, 11, 164-184. https://doi:10.4236/jss.2023.113011.
Fatimah, E. P. N. (2023). The Influence of Job Resourcefulness on Job Crafting Mediated by Work Engagement at Employees in Sheraton Hotel Surabaya Restaurant. Jurnal Bisnis dan Manajemen, 3(3), 337-346.
Fisher, D.C., (2010). Happiness at work, International Journal of Management Reviews, 12(4), 384-412.
Ghahramani Qajar, S., Mohammadi Moghadam, Y., & Jovari, B. (2017). A study of the role of human resource vigor in organizational decision-making (case study: scientific-research centers), Journal of Naja Human Resources, 80(5), 67-94.
Ghita, I; Handra, C., Naghi, E., Gurzu, I. and Chirila, M. (2022) Vulnerability to Stress and Depression Risk Related to Occupational Exposure to Aluminum. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 10, 262-270. https://doi:  10.4236/odem.2022.104020.
Hajipour, B., & Soltani, M., (2008). Strategic research planning in universities and higher education institutions (case study: Imam Sadiq University (A.S.), Journal of Strategic Management Thought, 2, 183-224.
Heydari, N., Faqihipour, J., & Shafiei, A. (2017). Implementation of organizational vigor in social security organization, Tehran, Dar al-Funun Publishing, First edition.
Hossain, M. (2020). Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Commitment among Clinical Nurses in Bangladesh. Nursing, 10, 693-704. https://doi: 10.4236/ojn.2020.107049.
Javdani, H. (2014). Designing an organizational development model in Iran's higher education management system, Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 4(20), 55-74.
Jovari, B., & Mohammadi Moghadam, Y. (2021). Vigor and strategies for its implementation in universitie, Journal of New Educational Ideas, 17(1), 229-252. doi: 10.22051/jontoe.2021.26926.2723.
Jovari, B., Mohammadi Moghadam, Y., Gharamani Ghajar,S & Hassan Moradi, N.(2019). Vigor creation and social health of academics (presentation of a grounded theory), Scientific-Research Journal of Social Work, 4(104), 64-104.
Jovari, B., mohammadi moghaddam, Y., Ghahremani Ghajar, S & Hasan Moradi, N. (2020). The Organizational Barriers of Vigor-Creating in the University; Providing a Grounded Model (A Case Study of Alzahra University), Management in the Islamic university, 8(18), 329-350.
Karanika-Murray, M., Duncan, N., Pontes, H.M., & Griffiths, M.D. (2015). Organizational identification, work engagement and job satisfaction, Managerial Psychology, (30)8, 1019-1033.
Kong, Y. (2009). A study on the job engagement of company employees. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 1(2), 65.
Luthans, F & Youssef, C.M. (2007). Emerging positive organizational behavior, Journal of Management, (33)3, 321-349.
Malekinia, E., Bazargan, A., Vaezi, M., & Ahmadian, M. (2023). Identification and prioritization of sustainable university's factors. Research and Planning in Higher Education, 20(3), 1-26.
Noorshahi, N. (2014). Factors affecting the professional growth of faculty members and providing solutions for its improvement, Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 73, 95-120.
Omasu, F., Kawano, A., Nagayasu, M. and Nishi, A. (2022). Research on Lifestyle Habits Caused by Stress. Preventive Medicine, 12, 190-198.
Privitera, M. (2020). Human Factors/Ergonomics (HFE) in Leadership and Management: Organizational Interventions to Reduce Stress in Healthcare Delivery. Health, 12, 1262-1278.
Pryce-Jones, J. (2011). Happiness at work: Maximizing your psychological capital for success, Journal of Management Decision, 49 (6(, 1028-1032,
Qoreyshi Khorasgani, M. (2019). Guest editor: looking at the university from the perspective of entrepreneurship, Science and Technology Policy, 11(1), 1-2.
Ramos, P., Cisneros, H., Bencomo, M. and López, J. (2020). University Social Responsibility Advancement in Mexico’s Higher Education Institutions: A Comparative Study.  Business and Management, 8, 2029-2047. 10.4236/ojbm.2020.85124.
Rosafizah, M., Norhaini, M. and Khairuddin, I. (2020). Organizational Support-Citizenship Behavior Relationship in Malaysian Higher Educational Institutions. CreativeEducation, 11,2293-2304.
Salvadorinho, J., & Teixeira, L. (2023). Happy and Engaged Workforce in Industry 4.0: A New Concept of Digital Tool for HR Based on Theoretical and Practical Trends. Sustainability, 15(3), 2781.
Sanamthong, E., Prabyai, S. (2023). A Causal Model of Relationship between Organizational Climate Influencing Happiness at Work and Organization Engagement. Emerging Science Journal, 7(2), 558-568.
Sepahvand, R., & Bagherzadeh Khodashahri, R. (2021). Strategic human resource management practices and employee retention: A study of the moderating role of job engagement. Iranian Journal of Management Studies, 14(2), 437-468.
Shirom, A., Toker, S., Melamed, S., Berliner, S., & Shapira, I. (2003). Burnout and vigor aspredictors of the incidence of hyperlipidemia among healthy employees. Journal of Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 5(1), 79-98.
Silva Munar JL, De Juana-Espinosa S, Martínez-Buelvas L, Vecchiola Abarca Y, Orellana Tirado J. (2020). Organizational Happiness Dimensions as a Contribution to Sustainable Development Goals: A Prospective Study in Higher Education Institutions in Chile, Colombia and Spain. Sustainability. 12(24):10502.
Snyder, C.R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind, Psychological Inquiry, 13(2), 249-276.
Stajkovic, A.D., Luthans, F. (1998). Self-efficacy and work-related performance: A meta-analysis, Psychological Bulletin, 124, (2), 240-261.
Sypniewska, B., Baran, M., & Kłos, M. (2023). Work engagement and employee satisfaction in the practice of sustainable human resource management–based on the study of Polish employees. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1-32.
Warnabarana, T. D., & Randika, P. A. D. D. (2022). Influencing Factors of Employee Engagement on Financial Wellbeing: Special Reference to Bank of Ceylon, Matara District, Sri Lanka. Business and Management Research, 7(1), 333–339.
Wefald, A. J., Mills, M. J., Smith, M. R., & Downey, R. G. (2012). A comparison of three job engagement measures: Examining their factorial and criterion‐related validity. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 4(1), 67-90.
Yaman, F. and Yaman, M. (2023) The Effect of Job Stress and Feeling of Entrapment on Perceived Task Performance and the Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction in the Scope of Organizational Sustainability. Business and Management, 11, 11-30. 10.4236/ojbm.2023.111002.
Yazdanshenas, M., & Mazidabadi Farahani, A.M. (2015). The role of positivism, transformational leadership, empowerment and psychology in reducing employee negativity, Psychological Research in Management, 1, 31-59.
Yildiz, H. (2019). The Interactive Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Organizational Trust on Organizational Citizenship Behavior. SAGE Open, 9(3).