Document Type : Original Research
1 Associate Professor, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Islamic Jurisprudence and Law, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran
3 Dean of Tax Applied Sciences University and Khorasan Razavi Tax Organization, Mashhad, Iran
Since Islam never left humans without guidance in any aspects of life, a reasonable expectation is that Islam has issued guidelines on economy in order to enhance life. Unfortunately, religion was on the margin before the Islamic revolution and extracting economic affairs from the religion was impossible and impractical. But after the revolution a situation was rectified whereby economic-Islamic affairs and consequently Islamic contracts in banking system gradually drew attention. In the process of agency, providers of goods or services for banks or credit institutions (as the agent) receive cash and the discounts through invoices and solve their liquidity problems. The purchasers for goods or services obtain their needed products; the agents receive the amounts of invoices from the purchasers on the due date and make profit. Accordingly, agency is defined as ‘selling the receivables accounts or (receivable documents) to agent companies in order to provide cash and reduce credit risk’. This article examines the principles of agency concerning Islamic contracts intending to fulfill the financing purposes of the country.