Document Type : Original Research


Department of Agricultural Economics and Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Swaziland Luyengo-Campus, P.O. Box M205 Luyengo, Swaziland


Over 70% of rural population in South Africa survives on subsistence small-scale farming as source of food and household incomes. However, due to lack of Agro-market facilities in rural South Africa,  small-scale farmers can hardly compete favourably to benefit from the nation agricultural market, leaving almost 85% share of agricultural-market to the well-off large commercial farmers. These imbalances in South Africa’s agricultural markets are manifested in its dualistic economy, the “first-world economy” and the “second-impoverished economies”, respectively. Recent policies have been focused more on increased agro-productivity with less emphasis on markets for the rural-poor subsistence small-scale farmers. This review used case-study elsewhere especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia where surveys have shown tremendous positive results to supported the argument. Therefore, this review suggest “Markets Work for Rural-Poor in South Africa: Developing Roadside Markets for Smallholder Farmers” to improve on their shares and benefit more from the rich national agricultural market. 


Balunywa W., and D. N. Ntamu, 2012. “Social Marginalization of Women, Business Start-up and Pov­erty Alleviation: A Case of Women Entrepreneurs in Road­side Markets in Uganda”:  Makerere University Business School, Uganda:  Chapter Twenty four of Africa Casebook - Synergies in African Business and Management Practices: ISBN 978-9966-1570-0-3: AJBUMA Publishing, University of Nairobi - School of Business: VOL. I, 2012. Pgs 372-382.
Dunn J. W.,  J. W. Berry, L. Kime, R. M. Harsh, and J. K. Harper,  2006.  “Developing a Roadside Farm Market: Agricultural Alternatives”. © The Pennsylvania State University 2006; Code # UA434; 5M3/06mpc3995g: web-page:
Kibirige D., 2013. “The Impact of Human Dimensions on Smallholder Farming in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa” PhD Thesis: Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Science and agriculture, University of Fort Hare-Alice South Africa.   
Kisaka-Lwayo M., and A. Obi, 2012. “Risk Perception and Management Strategies by Small Holder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal Provice, South Africa”,  International Management Association and institute of Agricultural Management, ISSN 2047-3710, International Journal of Agricultural Management, Volume 1 Issue 3.
Van der Heijden T., and N. Vink, 2010. Good for whom? Supermarkets and small farmers in South Africa- a critical review of current approaches to increasing access to modern markets. JEL Classification: D11; Q13.
Zimbabwe Independent, 2015. Why poverty levels in Africa remain high despite growth?: The Ritesh Anand Column; June 19, 2015 in News: