Effect of FDI, R & D, and High-Tech Exports on Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Pakistan and Canada over the Period of 1982-2011

Waqar Ahmad; Aqsa Bibi; Aqsa Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, , Pages 1176-1191

  Innovation is coming from new Knowledge, and new Technology. The author select these two countries because Canada has a very strong innovative economy, while Pakistan is not so strong. The study concludes that foreign direct investment, R&D, and High-tech exports have a positive impact on economic ...  Read More

Role of University Education in Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan

Waqar Ahmad; Z Zahoor; Aqsa Bibi; Mehnaz Begum; Maryam Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 12 , December 2017, , Pages 1206-1218

  The role of university education, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of PhD’s by the Higher Education Commissions (HEC) attainment has guaranteed improved economic conditions. HEC promoted the higher education by providing different indigenous ...  Read More

Cross Countries Comparison of Luxembourg, Germany and India on the Basis of Five Variables, i.e. GDP per Capita, GDP Growth Rate, Scientific and Technical Journals, R & D Spending, Patent Applications for the Years 2000 to 2009

Waqar Ahmad; Doan Phuong Dung; Mono Heang; Aqsa Bibi

Volume 4, Issue 9 , September 2017, , Pages 980-988

  In this paper we  study about the cross countries comparison of Luxembourg, Germany and India on the basis of five variables , I.e. GDP per Capita, GDP  growth rate, Scientific and technical Journals, R & D spending , patent Applications for the years 2000 to 2009. It is necessary that ...  Read More