Studying Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of OPEC Oil Basket Prices and Natural Gas on Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Traded on Energy Exchange of Iran

Zahra Shiri; Hamid Taghizadeh; Ramiar Refaei

Volume 4, Issue 4 , April 2017, , Pages 328-347

  In this paper, we examine the short-term and long-term effects of OPEC oil basket prices and natural gas on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) traded on Energy Exchange of Iran. tests of convergence (integration) and causality of variables have been used for 2-year period, from May 22, 2014 to July 21, 2016. ...  Read More

Official Development Assistance and Economic Growth in Iran

Ramiar Refaei; Morteza Sameti

Volume 2, Issue 2 , February 2015, , Pages 125-135

  Foreign aid is one of the most important policy tools that rich countries use for helping poor countries to improve population well-being and facilitate economic and institutional development. The concept of foreign aid orofficial development assistance (ODA) is widely used and accepted as a flow of ...  Read More