The General Review of How Different Leadership Styles Cause the Transformational Change Efforts to Be Successful

Document Type: Review Article

Authors

Center for Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU) Programs, HELP College of Art and Technology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Organizational change refers to the transformation of an organization from its current state to its desired future state. Organizational change helps to maintain a competitive position as well as the companies’ sustainability in a competitive market. There are different kinds of leadership styles that have strong relationships with the growth of change. This research reviews the different leadership styles, including commanding, supportive, inspirational, logical, transformational, transactional and servant. Different leadership styles take up different kinds of roles and use different actions when implementing organizational change. In conclusion, this research concludes that different changing processes require different leadership styles.

Keywords


Abbas, W. & Asghar, I. (2010). The role of leadership in organizational change. Master’s thesis in industrial engineering and management.
Anderson, D., & Anderson, L, A. (2010). How command and and control as a change leadership style from cause transformational change efforts to fail. Oak Drive, Durango.
Applebaum, S. H., Pierre, S. P., & Glaves, W. (1998). “Strategic organizational change: the role of leadership, learning, motivation and productivity”. Management Decision, 35,289-301.
Avolio, B. J., & Yammarino, F. J. (2002). Transformational and charismatic leadersip:Theroad ahead Amsterdam; New York.
Bacharach, S. (2015). 4 reasons your employees resist change-and how to overcome them.Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/samuel-bacharach/four-reasons-your-employees-resist-change-and-how-to-overcome-them.html
Bennis, W. & Nanus, B. (1985), Leaders: the strategies for taking charge. New York: Haper and Row, 24, 503-508
Brubn, J. G. (2004). Leaders who create changes and those who manage it. The health care manager, 23, 132-140.
Caldwell, S., Fedor, D. B., & Herold, D. M. (2006). The effects of organizational changes on employee commitment: A multilevel investigation. Personnel Psychology, 59, 1-19.
Chou, P. (2013). The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Follower's Affective Commitment to change. World Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 38-52.
Chou, P. (2014). Does transformational leadership matter during organizational change? Journal of sustainable development, 3, 49-62.10.14207/ejsd.2014.v3n3p49
Chou, P. (2014). Transformational leadership and employees behavioural support to organizational change. Journal of Management and Administrative Sciences Review, 3, 825-838.
Coye, R. W. (1985). Change of Command: Leader success in the military organization. Air University Review.
Gilley, A. (2005). Managing organizational change. Retrhttp://www.inc.com/ encyclopaedia/managing-organizational-change.html
Gomez, M. B. (2004). Great leaders teach exemplary followership and serve as servant leaders. Journal of American Academy of Business, 4, 143-151.
Graetz, F., & Smith, A. C. T. (2010). Managing Organizational Change: A Philosophies of Change Approach. Journal of change management, 10, 135-154
Halkos, G. (2012). Importance and influence of organizational changes on companies and their employees. University of Thessaly.
Hall, A. (2008). Overcoming resistance to organizational change initiatives. Conflict management and dispute resolution, 1-10.
Heifetz, R. A., & Laurie, D. L. (1997). The work of leadership. Harvard Business Review, 75, 18–34.
Hill, N. S.,Korinkova, N. M., Seo, M. G., Taylor, M. S., Tesluk, P. E., & Zhang, X. M. (2012). The role of affect and leadership during the organizational change. Personnel psychology, 65, 121-165.
Kotter, J. (1990). A force for change. New York: Free Press.
Lowder, T. M. (2009). The best leadership model for organizational change management: transformational verses servant leadership. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/
Media, D. & Joseph, C. (2015). Factors that may cause change in an organization. Retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/factors-may-cause-change-organization-203.html
Quast, L. (2012). Overcome the 5 main reasons people resist to change. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2012/11/26/overcome-the-5-main-reasons-people-resist-change/
Reardon, K. J., Reardon, K. J. K. & Rowe, A. J. (1998). Leadership styles for the five stages of radical change. Acquisition review quarterly, 129-143.
Simic, I. (1998). Transformational leadership-the key to successful management of transformational organizational changes. Scientific journal facta universitatis.
Thompson, R. (2015). Kotter’s 8-step change model. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_82.htm
Yousef, D. A. (2000). Organizational commitment and job satisfaction as predictors of attitudes toward organizational change in a non-western setting. Personnel review, 29, 567-592.