Assessment of the Students' Attitude toward Business with Regard to Higher Education Curriculum: Case Study of Esfarayen University

Document Type: Case Study

Authors

1 Islamic Azad University, Esfarayen Branch, Esfarayen, Iran

2 Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran

3 Esfarayen University of Technology, Esfarayen, Iran

Abstract

Unemployment of university graduates is one of the critical problems of the society. The unemployed university graduate does not have the opportunity to use what they have learned and have no way to enter thework market. This indicates necessity of more coordination between higher education system and the industry and between the graduate’s capabilities and the industries’ need for work force. Through this, the limited resources available to higher education system is utilized in a more optimal manner. The present study is an attempt to assess the student’s attitude toward entrepreneurship in light of higher education curriculum. To this end, Esfarayen University of technology was studied as case study. Data gathering tool was attitude toward entrepreneurship questionnaire. As revealed by the results, the students tended to have neutral attitude toward business and there was no significant difference between students of different fields in this regard. However, boys and girls had significant difference as to their attitude toward business. With these results, the targets of the 20 years outlook to support entrepreneurship in higher education are not going to be met. To make the higher education curriculum more responsive to variety of challenges and needs it is notable that entrepreneurship training and empowerment through the curriculum must be taken as a new necessity by curriculum planners of Iran’s higher education system.

Keywords


Ahmadi S, Darvish H. (2010). Foundation of entrepreneurship, Tehran, Payam Nour Press.
Altbach, P (1988).Comparative Studies in Higher Education in: Postlethwaite; in (ed).The Encyclopedia of comparative Education and National System of Education, pp6- 7.
Amini M, Tamaneifar M. (2013). Assessing entrepreneurial capability of students, revising curriculum goals of higher education, 6th period, No. 1, 145-164.
Autio, E., Keeley, R.H. and Klofsten, M. (1997). “Entrepreneurial intent among students: testing an intent model in Asia, Scandinavia, and USA”, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research Babson College, Wellesley, MA.
Baldeston, J (2000).knowledge & university. Journal of Higher Education, vol. 26, No.1.
Bardri E. Liaghatdar M., Abedi M., Jafari E. (2005). Surveying entrepreneurial capabilities of students of University of Isfahan, Research and Curriculum Quarterly of Higher Education, NO. 40.
Bridges, D (2000). The Higher Education curriculum 21 set century, Cambridge. Journal of Education combridge. 7 (2). 122- 145.
Davidsson, P. (1995c). Culture, Structure and Regional Levels of Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 7, 41-62.
Fathi and Ajargah K (2010). Useless curriculum, Biannual Journal of Curriculum of Higher education 1, 4, 6-7.
Fayolle, A.Gailly, B. &Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006). Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: a new methodology. Journal of European industrial training, 30(9), 701-720.
Feizh D, Safaei M (2008). Assessing and comparing entrepreneurial personality of students of University of Semnan, 2nd year, No. 2.
Gibb, Allan (2000). Entrepreneurship atUniversity should reach all faculties", http:// next ware. Science mag. Org/cgi/content.
Guerrero, M.Rialp, J. &Urbano, D. (2008). The impact of desirabilityand feasibility on entrepreneurial intentions: A structural equationmodel, IntEntrepManag J, 4, 35-50.
Heinonen, J. Sari-Anne, P. and Vierikko, I.V. (2005).TrainingProgramme for Bioscience Researcher; Turku School ofEconomics and Business Administration, Small Business Institute,Finland.
 Iran's 20-year vision plan   Available in:  www.dolat.ir/PDF/20years.pdf
Miguel. B & Maggie. M (2004).Developing innovation online learning.
Nafisi A. (2001). Education Economy Journal, Tehran, Ministry of Education, Talim and Tarbiat Research Center, p. 98.
Nourzade R et al. (2006). Universities’ share in revising curriculum approved by Supreme Council of Higher Education Programming, Higher Education Programming and Research Quarterly, No. 42.
Rezaei M. Rahsepar T (2009). Surveying entrepreneurial characteristics of Students of Islamic Azad University, Darab Branch, New Approach in Education Management Quarterly, No. 4, 45-62.
Rogers O M, Floid Sh (2000).Innovation conductivity, inter-cultural approach, translated by Ezatoolah Karami and Abutaleb Fanaei, Shiraz University Press, 3rd ed.
Shafie F., Shaban A. Famni H. (2007). Surveying students of farming’s attitude toward working in farming sector, Iran’s Demography Association Press, No. 173, p. 4-192
Sharifzade M (2003. Surveying educational need of farming students toward improvement of entrepreneurship attitudes, M.A dissertation, Faculty of Farming, University of Shiraz.
WAKS, L J. (2003).How Globalization Can Cause Fundamental Curriculum Change: An American Perspective. Journal of Educational Change 4, 383–418.
Walkington, J. (2000). Designing the engineering curriculum to cater for generic skills and student diversity: a shift in thinking. Australasian Journal for Engineering Education, 9 (2), 28- 43.