The Study of Dangers Related to the Ship’s Stability during Container Loading and Discharging in Ports and its Solutions

Document Type: Conceptual Paper

Author

Master of Science, Maritime Transportation, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

One of the greatest technological changes and developments in international transportation is the foundation and prevalence of containers in this area. Nowadays, operators of transportation and trade use containers because of their high strength, the ability to store them on top of each other on the ship, its water proof material, no need for a covered storage room, the fact that it can easily and quickly be loaded onto a ship, truck, or train, fast transportation,  minimum cargo damage during cargo operation & transportation, its security against thieves, they are reusable, packages can be sorted like trays, and they can be used on refrigerated ships since each container has a set of goods with a packing list and the accumulation of these goods in one large package decreases the number of packing lists and at the same time decreases the number of customs documents. Considering this topic, the dangers related to the ship’s stability while loading and discharging containers in ports will be reviewed and solutions will be brought up. The results of this study can help port and ship workers decrease these dangers while loading and discharging containers in ports.

Keywords


Ambrosino, D., A. Sciomachen, & E. Tanfani. (2004). “Stowing A Containership: The Master Bay Plan Problem.” Transportation Research A 38, 81–99
Derrett, D. R.  (1990). Ship Stability for Masters And Mates (4th Ed.)  Boston: Newnes.
Gadeyne, B. & Verhamme, P. (Academic, 2010-2011) Optimizing Maritime Container Terminal Operations, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics And Business Administration.     
Gesamtverband Der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft Gdv, (2010) Container Hand Book (Chb), Brline
Imo (Thesis 2012). “International convention For Safe Containers”1972 (Csc)
Imo, (2008). The International Code On Intact Stability, Uk: Imo
Safarzadeh, M. & Aziz Abadi, E & Hamidi, H.  Shahba, M. A. (1996) Maritime Transportation Handbook (3rd Ed.) Tehran, Iran : PMO
The Maritime Safety Committee (1998) IMO CRITERIA (A769), UK: IMO
The Maritime Safety Committee (2008). Amenment to Imo Criteria (A769) 75 (69) 1998, UK: IMO
Wilson I.D. & Roach P.A., (2000). Container stowage planning: a methodology for generating computerised solutions. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 51, pp. 1248-1255.