Presentation of a Model for Survey of the Effective Factors on Procrastination of Employees in Organizations

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 Postdoctoral Researcher of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran

3 M.A of Business Administration, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

Abstract

In Century 21, due to the wide variety of environment and continual changes, effective individual and organizational management is encountered with considerable challenges. One of the challenges is procrastination phenomenon in organization. Latin term of procrastination is consisting of origins of “pro and “crastinus, meaning “put off till tomorrow”. This term is equal to postponing, delaying, or putting off. Various factors are effective on procrastination in the organization. The present study aimed to evaluate the effective factors on employees’ procrastination in the organizations. The recent researches considered the effective individual, environmental, and organizational factors on procrastination. The main approach of the present study is the evaluation of effective organizational factors on employees’ procrastination. The results of the study showed that the most important effective organizational factors on procrastination are unsuitable structure, extreme bureaucracy, evaluation system of unsuitable performance in the organization, having procrastinator managers and employees and the lack of supervision and control.

Keywords


Aghatehrani, Morteza. (2006). The study of the reasons and solutions of procrastination. Qom. Qazvin:Publication center of training and research institution of Imam Khomeini. Qazvin.
Ariely dan, werten broch, Klaus (2002). Procrastin and performance psychological science .(vol 13 , no 3).
Coote, Elizabeth A, PhD (1987). Procrastination in the workplace. A study of the dispositional and situational determinants of delay behavior at work.
Dyer, Wayne. (2006). How to have healthy personality? (Overcoming anger). Translated by Badrolzaman Nik Fetrat. Science publications. Tehran.
Ellis, A. and Knaus, W. (2002). Overcoming procrastination New York. New American Library.
Ellis, Albert Venal; William, James. (2008). Procrastination psychology, overcome procrastination. (Translated by Mohammad Ali Farjad ). Tehran : Roshd publications.
Galue, Alberto Jose, PhD (1990). Perceived job ambiguity, predisposition to procrastinate, work – related information and experience: An investigation of procrastination behavior at work. UNIVERSITY of TULANE.
 Kazemi, Mostafa; Fayazi, Marjan; Kave, Manije. (2010). The study of prevalence of procrastination and effective factors among the managers and employees of University. Change management research. 2, 4. 42-63.
Mackenzie, Alec. (1992). Management and time productivity. (Translated by Seyed Mohammad Reza Rezapour). Tehran: Chame publications.
Nina, Michel; Dryden, Vindy. (2006). The life forming thoughts. (Translated by Naser Azimi, Tala Mirhadizade). Tehran: Tara.
Robbins P. Stephen.(2006). Organizational behavior, concepts, theories, applications. (Translated by Ali Parsayian and Seyed Mohammad Arabi). (Vol.2). Tehran: Cultural research office.
Schraw,G, Wadkins, T. and Olafson, L .(2007). Doing the things we do: a grounded theory of procrastination. Journal of Educational psychology, 99, 12-25.
Steel, Piers (2007). The nature of procrastination: A meta – analytic and theoretical Review of Quintessential Self. Regulatory Failure, university of Calgary.
Sutton, Joy (2009). Avoid procrastination. Urges action now, not later.
Tracy, B. (2003). Eat That Frog!. 21 Great Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Get More Done in Less Time. (Tranalstd by Ashraf Rahmani, Kurosh Taremi). Tehran: Rashin publications.