The Relationship between Knowledge of Ergonomics and Determinants of Labor Productivity

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 Faculty of Management and Economics, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Terhan, Iran

Abstract

Today, knowledge of ergonomics is viewed as an effective factor of individual and organizational productivity and performance. The purpose of the present research is to determine the relationship between knowledge of ergonomics and effective factors of labor productivity in Pars Special Economic Energy Zone, site 2, and Iranian PetroPaydar Company. This is a correlation study. Research statistical population included employees of the two aforementioned (N=244). 96 individuals were selected as research sample through using simple random sampling method. Data were collected through using a five-point Likert scale (from extremely low to extremely high) questionnaire consisting of three demographic, ergonomic, and productivity divisions. Data of research samples were gathered using self-response method and analyzed through descriptive statistical indicators and Chi- square test. Research findings show that there is a significant relationship between ergonomics and productivity; further, staffs’ highest mean scores were assigned to the clarity and role recognition (73.73), and ability (59.54) components. According to the obtained results, it is concluded that increasing labor productivity requires higher knowledge of ergonomics.

Keywords


APO Productivity Databook 2009; Asian Productivity Organization; 2009, OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators; Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Axelsson, J.R.C., 2000. Quality and Ergonomics—towards successful integration. Doctoral Thesis, Dissertation No. 616, Quality and Human Systems Engineering, Linko¨ ping University, Linko¨ ping)
Escorpizo, R., 2008. Understanding work productivity and its application to work related musculoskeletal disorders. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 38 (3–4), 291–297
Khoshbakht M, Baghaie M, Hasavari F, Kazemnejad LE, Blourchian MJ. Evaluation of Body posture Ergonomyic during work in intensive care units nurses in teaching hospitals of Guilan University of medical Sciences in Rasht city in 2010. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Guilan 2011; 65(21): 22-29.
Van der Molen, H.F., Sluiter, J.K., Hulshof, C.T.J., Vink, P., Frings- Dresen, M.H.W., 2005b. Effectiveness of measures and implementation strategies in reducing physical work demands due to manual handling at work. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 31, 75–87.
Vink, P., Koningsveld, E.A., Molenbroek, J.F., 2006. Positiv outcomes of participatory ergonomics in terms of greater comfort and higher productivity. Appl. Ergon. 37, 537–546