Effective Dimension of Leadership Style for Organizational Performance: A Conceptual Study

Document Type: Conceptual Paper


1 Faculty of Business Administration, Canadian University of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 School of Economics, Finance and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia


Corporate organizations are experiencing the challenges of understanding the factor that has significant and positive relationship on their performance. The aim of this study is to determine the role of effective leadership style on organizational performance. The aim of the findings of this study focuses on a significant and positive relationship between appropriate leadership style and organizational performance. The development of this extensive literature review, suggestions and conceptualization would be helpful for researchers while they aim for further empirical investigation of job engagement and organizational performance.


Ahmad, M., & Ejaz, T. (2019). Transactional and Transformational leadership impact on Organizational Performance: Evidence from Textile sector of Pakistan. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences: Proceedings8(2 (s)), pp-97.
Arif, S., & Akram, A. (2018). Transformational Leadership and Organizational Performance. SEISENSE Journal of Management1(3), 59-75.
Arnett, D. B., Sandvik, I. L., & Sandvik, K. (2018). Two paths to organizational effectiveness–Product advantage and life-cycle flexibility. Journal of Business Research84, 285-292.
Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectation. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2004). Multifactor Leadership.Questionnaire-5X Short Form. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden.
Benjamin, L. Flynn, F.J. (2006). Leadership style and regulatory mode: Value from fit? Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 100, pp. 216-230.
Boyne, G. A., & Walker, R. M. (2005). Symposium edition on determinants of performance in public organizations. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.15 (4), 483–639. doi:10.1093/jopart/mui029
Buil, I., Martínez, E., & Matute, J. (2019). Transformational leadership and employee performance: The role of identification, engagement and proactive personality. International Journal of Hospitality Management77, 64-75.
Burns, J.M. (1978). Leadership. New York. Harper & Row.
Chatterjee, A., Pereira, A., & Bates, R. (2018). Impact of individual perception of organizational culture on the learning transfer environment. International Journal of Training and Development22(1), 15-33.
Duguay, A. M., Loughead, T. M., & Munroe-Chandler, K. J. (2018). Investigating the Importance of Athlete Leadership Behaviors and the Impact of Leader Tenure. Journal of Sport Behavior41(2).
Elbaz, A.M. & Haddoud, M.Y., 2017. The role of wisdom leadership in increasing job performance: evidence from the Egyptian tourism sector. Tourism Management. 63, 66–76
Eisenbach, R., Watson, K. and Pillai, R. (1999). Transformational leadership in the context of organizational change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12 (2), 80-89.
Flamholtz, E. & Randle, Y. (1998) Changing the Game: Organizational Transformations of the First, Second and Third Kinds. Oxford University Press, New York.
Flamholtz, E. (1995). Managing organizational transitions: implications for corporate and human resource management. European Management Journal13(1), 39-51.
Ford, J. and Schellenberg, D. (1982). Conceptual issues of Linkage in the Assessment of Organizational Performance. The Academy of Management Review. Jan: 49-58.
Gandolfi, F., & Stone, S. (2018). Leadership, leadership styles, and servant leadership. Journal of Management Research18(4), 261-269.
Gardner, L. and Stough, C. (2002). Examining the relationship between leadership and emotional intelligence in senior level managers, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 23(2), 68-78.
Ghafourian SharifHeravi, M., Shahidi, S. E., & Nik Mahmood, N. H. (2010, May). Investigating the relationships between leadership style and personnel turnover intention in it companies in Iran. In Proceedings of the 2010 Special Interest Group on Management Information System's 48th annual conference on Computer personnel research on Computer personnel research (pp. 48-54). ACM.
Green, M., Kodatt, S., Salter, C., Duncan, P., Garza-Ortiz, D., & Chavez, E. (2008). The relationship between follower ratings of leadership and the leader's spirituality - God matters. Paper delivered: The International Conference on Studying Leadership, Auckland, New Zealand, 2008.
Hammer, M., & Champy, J. (1993). Reengineering the Corporation. (1st, Ed.). New York, USA: Harper Collins Inc.
Han, S., Harold, C. M., & Cheong, M. (2019). Examining why employee proactive personality influences empowering leadership: The roles of cognition‐and affect‐based trust. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology92(2), 352-383.
Heijden, B.I.J.M. & Bakker, A.B. (2011). Toward a mediation model of employability enhancement: a study of employee-supervisor pairs in the building sector. The Career Development Quarterly. 59 (3), 232-248.
Henri, J., Laval, U., Hoque, Z., Maurice, J., Séguin, F., & Thibodeau, N. (2004). Performance Measurement and Organizational Effectiveness: Bridging the Gap. Managerial Finance, 30(6).
Hersona, Sonny. & Iwan Sidharta. (2017). Motivation and Work Discipline on Employees Performance. Journal of Apalied Management (JAM) 15(3).
Hoopes, J.E. (2008). Hail to the CEO: The Failure of George W. Bush and the Cult of Moral Leadership. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Howell, Jane. M., & Bruce J. Avolio. (1993). Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Locus of Control and Support for Innovation: Key Predictors of Consolidated-Business-Unit Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(6): 891- 902. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.78.6.891.
Johannessen, J., Olaisen, J., & Olson, B. (1999). Strategic Use of Information Technology for Increased Innovation and Performance. Information Management and Computer Security..
Judge, Timothy A.; Piccolo, Ronald F. (2004). Transformational and Transactional Leadership: A Meta-Analytic Test of Their Relative Validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(5), Oct 755-768. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.5.755.
Kearney, E., Shemla, M., van Knippenberg, D., & Scholz, F. A. (2019). A paradox perspective on the interactive effects of visionary and empowering leadership. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.
Kirkbride, P. (2006). Developing transformational leaders: The full range leadership model in action. Industrial and Commercial Training. 38(1), 23–32. doi:10.1108/00197850610646016
Marr, B., & Schiuma, G. (2003). Business performance measurement–past, present and future. Management Decision. 41(8), 680-687.
Martin-Rojas, R., Garcia-Morales, V. J., & Gonzalez-Alvarez, N. (2019). Technological antecedents of entrepreneurship and its consequences for organizational performance. Technological Forecasting and Social Change147, 22-35.
Neely, A. (2005). The Evaluation of Performance Measurement Research: Development in the Last Decade and a Research Agenda for the Next, International Journals of Operations & Production Management, 25(12), 1264- 1277.
Neely, A.D. (2002). Business Performance Measurement: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Neely, A.D. (2002). Measuring Business Performance: Why, What, How? Portugese Edition. Economist Books, London.
Patiar, A., & Wang, Y. (2016). The effects of transformational leadership and organizational commitment on hotel departmental performance. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management28(3), 586-608.
Rahmat, R., Ramly, M., Mallongi, S., & Kalla, R. (2019). The leadership style effect on the job satisfaction and the performance. Asia Pacific Journal of Management and Education2(1).
Roundy, P. T., Harrison, D. A., Khavul, S., Pérez-Nordtvedt, L., & McGee, J. E. (2018). Entrepreneurial alertness as a pathway to strategic decisions and organizational performance. Strategic Organization16(2), 192-226.
Saleh, R. M. M., Nusari, M., Habtoor, N., & Isaac, O. (2018). The effect of leadership style on organizational performance: Organizational commitment as a mediator variable in the manufacturing sector of Yemen. International Journal of Management and Human Science2(4), 13-24.
Saleem, M. A., Bhutta, Z. M., Nauman, M., & Zahra, S. (2019). Enhancing performance and commitment through leadership and empowerment: An emerging economy perspective. International Journal of Bank Marketing37(1), 303-322.
Salter, C. R. (2007). A Study of the Relationship Between Follower’ Personality and the Leadership Ratings of George W. Bush. Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, Apr 2007.
Sawalha, S. (2013). Investigation of heat recovery in CO2 trans-critical solution for supermarket refrigeration. International Journal of Refrigeration, 36, 145-156.
Sener R, Dirlik S. (2012). Stratejik Yönetim Kapsamında Stratejik Yönetim Muhasebesi Araçlarının Kullanım Düzeyi Üzerine Ampirik Bir Araştırma.
Tan L, L Chen, Z Chen, Z Zong, R Ge, D Li. (2013). Improving performance and energy efficiency of matrix multiplication via pipeline broadcast. IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (CLUSTER). 1-5.
Tang, K. N. (2019). Leadership Styles and Organizational Effectiveness. In Leadership and Change Management (pp. 11-25). Springer, Singapore.
Taylor, A., Santiago, F., Hauer, J., Hynes, R., & Mickahail, B. K. (2019). Leadership, Growth, and the Future. In Effective and Creative Leadership in Diverse Workforces (pp. 101-153). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Weller, I., Süß, J., Evanschitzky, H., & von Wangenheim, F. (2019). Transformational Leadership, High-Performance Work System Consensus, and Customer Satisfaction. Journal of Management, 0149206318817605.
Yukl, G. (2009). Leadership in organizations. (7th Education. ed.). NY: Pearson.