Influence of Personality Traits and Work Commitment on Job Performance of Public Secondary School Teachers in Oyo South Senatorial District

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 Institute for Entrepreneurship and Development Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

2 Public Administration, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

3 Educational Foundations and Management, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

4 Demography and Social Statistics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Abstract

This study examined the influence of personality traits, and work commitment on Job performance of public secondary school teachers in Oyo South Senatorial District of Oyo State, Nigeria. It also assessed the level of job performance of public secondary school teachers and investigated the combined influence of personality traits and work commitment on Job performance of these teachers with a view to improving their job performance level in the senatorial district and Oyo State in general. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The sample for this study consisted of 15 principals, 75 HODs, and 300 class teachers in the senatorial district. Five local government councils were selected from nine local government councils in Oyo South senatorial district using simple random sampling technique. Frequency counts, simple percentages, chi-square, and one-way ANOVA statistics were employed to analyze the data. The hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that 15.7%, 67.9% and 16.4% of public secondary school teachers in the senatorial district demonstrated low, moderate, and high levels of job performance respectively. Also, 72.1% of the teachers had a moderate level of work commitment, 1.7% had a high level while 11.7% had a low level of work commitment. The results further showed that there was no significant influence of personality traits on teacher’s job performance (X2 = 6.730, df = 8, p = 566). It was established that there was significant influence of personality traits on the job performance of teachers (X2 = 49.942, df = 4, p = .00). Moreover, the result showed that the combination of personality traits and work commitment will significantly influence the job performance of the teachers (F = 541.158, P > 0.05). The study concluded that work commitment had the greater influence on the job performance than personality traits.

Keywords


Aiyabel, D. K. (2015). Effects on Employee Commitment on Academic Performance of Secondary Schools in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, International Journal of Recent Research in Commerce Economic and Management 2, (4),119-142.
Barrick, M. R. & Mount, M. K. (1991) The Big Five Personality Dimensions and Job Performance: A metanalysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.
Callahan, S. G. (1996). Successful Teaching in Secondary Schools. Glenview, 111: Scott.
Chi, H., Chien, H. Y. and Choum, S. (2013). The organization commitment, personality Traits and Teaching Efficacy of Junior High School Teachers. The Meditating Effect of Job Involvement. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, Vol. 9, (2), 131-142.
Costa, P. T. and McRae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa, Florida. Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
Donnely, J. H. (2002). Fundamental of Management Boston: Irwin Press.
Erdhem, J., Wang, M. and Zickar, J. M. (2006). Linking the Big five Personality Constructs to Organizational Commitment. Personality and Individual Differences (41), 153-157.
Goldberg, R. (1990). An Alternative Description of Personality: The Big Five Factor Structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, (59), 1216-1229/
Howard, J. P. and Howard, M. J. (2004). The Big Five Quick. Retrieved from page, arcview.php?clid=132id=576&usrsess.
Irefin, P. and Ali, M. (2014). Effect of Employee Commitment on Organizational Performance in Coca Cola Nigeria Limited Maiduguri, Borno State. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19, (03), 33-41.
Judge, T. A. and Bono, J. E. (2000). Relationship of Care self Evaluation Traits, Self-Esteem, Generalized Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control and Emotional Stability with Job Satisfaction and Job Performance. A Meta-Analysis, Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 80-92.
Judge, T. A. Locke, A. E. and Durham, C. C. (1997). The Dispositional Causes of Job Satisfaction: A Care Evaluation Approach in L.L. Cunnings & B.M. Slaw (EDA), Research in Organizational Behaviour 19, 151-188.
Judge, T. A., Bono, J. E. Hies, R. and Gerhardt, M. W. (2002). Personality and Leadership: A Qualitative and Quantitative Review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 765-780.
Lin, N. P. & Chiu, H. C. (1999). A study of service Quality.The Effects and Applications of Service Providers’ Personality Traits. Journal of Management, 16 (2), 175-200.
Mali, P. (2005) Improving Total Productivity. New York: John Witey Press.
McMahon, B. (2007) Organizational Commitment, Relationship Commitment and their Association with Attachment style and locus of control. M.Phil Thesis of the School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology.
Meyer, J. P. & Allen, N. J. (1991). A Three-Component Conceptualization of Organizational, Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61-89.
Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscoviteh, L. and Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization: A Meta-Analysis of Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 61 (1), 20-25.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W. & Steers, R. M. (1982). Employee Organization Linkages: The Psychology of Commitment, Absenteeism and Turnover. New York: Academic Press.
Nwachukwu, C. C. (2006). Management Theory and Practice Onitsha: Africana Publishers.
Ogundele, M. O., Musa, J. M. and Jimba, D. N. (2015). Peace Education in Nigerian Schools. Problems and Prospects. Educational Research International, 4, (2), 100-106.
Oredein, A.O. (2006). Transformational leadership and School Climate as Determinants of Secondary School Teachers’ Institutional Commitment in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Sociology and Education in Africa, 5 (1), 31-48.
Organ, D. W. and Lingl, A. (1995). Personality, Satisfaction and Organisational citizenship Behaviour. Journal of Social Psychology, 135, 339-350.
Panda, B. N. and Mohanty, R. C. (2003). How to Become A Competent Teacher. New Delhi, India: Lighthouse Press.
Pandey, N. S. and Kavitha, M. (2015) Relationship between Teachers’ Personality Traits and Self Efficacy: An Empirical Analysis of School Teacher in Karaikal Region. Pacific Business Review International. 8, (3), 37-42.
Rothman, S. &Coetzer, E. (2003). The Big Five Sector of Pakistan. Journal and Development, 2,  150-158.
Saucier, G. and Goldberg, L. R. (1998). What is beyond the Big Five? Journal of Personality, 66 (4), 495-524.
Solomon, D. (1965). Teacher Behaviour and Student Training. Journal of Education and Psychology, 55, 23-30.
Tett, R. P., Jackson, D. N. and Rothstein, M. (1991). Personality measures as Predictor of Job Performance: A meta-Analytic Review. Personnel Psychology, 44, 703-742.
Udu, A. A. and Ameh, A. A. (2016). Effects of Employee Commitment on organization Performance in the Banking Industry: An Evidence from First Bank Enugu Zonal Offices. Scholarly Journal of Business Administration, 6CD, 1-7.
Yusuf, N. and Metiboba, S. (2012). Work Environment and Job Attitude among Employees in a Nigerian Work Organization. Journal of Sustainable Society, 1 (2), 36-43.