Impact of Capital Structure on Firms Performance: A Study on Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) Listed Firms in Pakistan

Document Type: Case Study


1 MBA Graduate, Lords Ashcroft International Business School, Anglia Ruskin University, UK

2 PhD Scholar, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University, Malaysia


The purpose of this study is to investigate Debt to Equity ratio to determine firm performance of Pakistani companies listed in Chemical, Food and Care products, Cement, Pharmaceutical, Auto assembler and Textile sector. The research done on 50 companies listed under Karachi Stock exchange covered the period of 2010-2014, total observations of 250 firms-years. The independent variable is Debt to Equity and dependent variables are Size, Earnings per Share, Return on Assets, Return on Equity and Marketing. The research employed Descriptive Statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regressions and the findings shows Earnings per share, Return on Equity and Return on Assets are significantly correlated to Debt to Equity ratio. While Debt to equity ratio founds a significant impact on Size and Return on Assets. Furthermore, it is recommended that other firm specific factors can also be used with a more wider time span like Dividends, Taxes etc to gauge the impact and end with a more accurate outcome. This Study will eventually benefit the finance mangers to define an optimal capital structure and also the research community by providing new knowledge regarding the impacts of capital structure. Though, other major economies can also be examined with different other industries to check the deviation of capital structure formation.


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