Effective Factors on Job Stress and Its Relationship with OrganizationalCommitment of Nurses in Hospitals of Nicosia

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 Department of Management and Economy, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 Faculty of Business Management, European University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus

Abstract

Job stress is a psychological variable that has gained increasing importance in human resource management studies in recent years. Nursing is one of the professions which might be exposed to various sources of job stress due to its special nature, particularly its relation with patients’ physical health. This study was an attempt to investigate the effect of factors including workload, lack of control, information gap, confidence and proficiency in the role, management’s relationship and support, and coworkers’ relationship and support on the job stress of nurses, and to identify the consequences of job stress in relation to nurses’ organizational commitment. The population comprised all nurses working in different treatment and health departments of state and private hospitals of Nicosia. The questionnaires were distributed and finally 100questionnaires returned by the nurses during several follow-up stages carried out by the researcher. In order to identify the factors influencing job stress, standard models developed by HSE (2004b), Davis et al. (1991) and Osipow (1987) were used. In order to analyze the data, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression were used by SPSS software. Results show that information gap exerts a positive effect on nurses’ job stress, whereas confidence and proficiency in the role and management relationship and support exerts a negative effect on their job stress. However, the significant effect of workload, lack of control, and coworkers’ relationship and support was not confirmed. Finally, identification of job stress consequences revealed that nurses with lower levels of job stress enjoyed higher organizational commitment.

Keywords


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