Hungry for Power: Historical Shifts of Energy Sources in Turkey and Italy

Document Type: Original Research

Authors

1 Department of Economics, Yalova University, Turkey

2 Department of Business, Yalova University, Turkey

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the role of the industrial revolution and the economic policies on the energy transition process of two developing Mediterranean countries: Turkey and Italy. Both countries not only have coast to Mediterranean, they also share a similar story in terms of their energy demands and industrialization in the interwar period. The study will analyze the period between the two world wars, considering the fact that times of war and depression most likely traumatize energy consumptions and economic growth and energy policies are constantly altered by wartime policies and constraints.

Keywords


Bartoletto, S., &  Rubio, M. M. (2008). Energy transition and CO2 emissions in Southern Europe: Italy and Spain (1861-2000). Global Environment, No. 2, 46-81.
Bini, P. (1998). The Making of Economic Policy in Italy in the
Inter-war Years (1922-1940), presented at the Conference on “Economic Thought in Southern Europe in the Interwar Period (1910-1950)”, University of Porto.
Çavdar, T. (1983). Türkiye’de Enerji, Cumhuriyet Dönemi Türkiye Ansiklopedisi, C.3, İstanbul, İletişimYayınları.
Clark, E. C. (1974).The Ottoman Industrial Revolution, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 65-76, Cambridge University Press.
Demir, A. (1967). Türkiye’ de Birincil Enerji Üretim ve Tüketimi Üzerinde Bir Araştırma, Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Dergisi (22:3)
Demir, A. (1980). Türkiye'de Cumhuriyet Döneminde Enerji Politikaları, Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Dergisi (35:1)
EMO Enerji Komisyonu (1981). Türkiye’de Elektrik Enerjisi Sektörünün Yapısı ve Tarihsel Gelişimi, Elektrik Mühendisliği Dergisi, Vol. 278. 81-91.
Felice, E. and Carreras, Al. (2012). The roots of success: industrial growth in Italy reconsidered, 1911-1951, UHE Working papers 2012_04, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitatd' Història Econòmica.
General Directorate of Foresty (1973). Cumhuriyetimizin 75. Yılında Ormancılığımız, Ankara: Orman Bakanlığı Yayın Dairesi.
Kander, A. (2006). Economic growth, energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Sweden 1800-2000. Almqvist & Wicksell International, Sweeden.
Malanima, P. & Zamagni, V. (2010). 150 years of the Italian Economy, 1861-2010. Journal of Modern Italian Studies 15(1).
Malanima, P. (2006). Energy Consumption in Italy in the 19th and 20th Centuries. A Statistical outline. Roma: CNR.
Özdemir, N. (2011). Türkiye’de Elektriğin Tarihsel Gelişimi (1900-1938). Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi, Türk İnkılap Tarihi Enstitüsü, Ankara.
Pamuk, Ş. (2008).Osmanlı’dan Cumhuriyet’e Küreselleşme, İktisat Politikaları ve Büyüme, Seçme Eserler, İş Bankası Yayınları.
Pollard, J. (1998). The Fascist Experience in Italy, Routledge Sources in History, New York.
State Planning Organization (2010). Economic and Social Indicators (1950-2010), DPT http://www.dpt.gov.tr/PortalDesign/PortalControls/WebIcerikGosterim.aspx?Enc=83D5A6FF03C7B4FC5A73E5CFAD2D9676, 05/27/2012.
Stern, D. I. & Kander, A., (2011). The Role of Energy in the Industrial Revolution and Modern Economic Growth, CAMA Working Papers 2011-01, Australian National University, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis.
Turkish Electricity Transmission Company (2010), Electricity Generation & Transmission Statistics of Turkey, TEIAS.
Turkish Statistical Institute (2010). Statistical Indicators: 1923–2010. TSI, Ankara, Turkey.
Wrigley, E. A. (2010). Energy and the English Industrial Revolution, Cambridge University Press.
Zürcher, E. J. (1993). Turkey: A Modern History, London, I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd.