Human Resource Management Bundles and Employee Performance: A Mediated Model

Document Type: Original Research


Assistant Professor, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Sg Long Campus, Cheras, Malaysia


This research demonstrated the impact of human resource management bundles on employee performance, both direct and mediated by human capital and organizational commitment.  The ability-enhancing, motivation-enhancing and empowerment-enhancing HRM bundles have significant direct impacts on employee performance and organizational commitment. However, only the motivation-enhancing HRM bundle has a significant direct impact on human capital.  There are also significant impacts from human capital to employee performance, organizational commitment to human capital, organizational capital to social capital and social capital to human capital. Finally, human capital has a significant relationship with employee performance. Most of the hypothesized mediated effects were also found, except that their effects were smaller than those of the direct effects. Implications of the research findings and proposals for future research are discussed.


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