The Influence of Knowledge Management Factors on Food Exports in Iran

Document Type: Original Research


Department of Management, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran


The present study aims to investigate the effective variables of knowledge management in food exports in Iran. A new model was designed in this research on the basis of achieved statistical data from production associations and export firms. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to assess the impact of effective variables of knowledge management in food exports. Suggested model of the research is comprised of eight dimensions which are as follows: specialized relations, coordinated knowledge, knowledge tools, organizational knowledge, knowledge process, knowledge chain, knowledge hardware, and knowledge feasibility. Target population of the study was consisting of 57 production associations which export food from Iran. The sales staffs and business departments formed the target population, and 317 questionnaires were validly obtained to test the research model. Exploratory factor analysis and Amos software were utilized for modeling. This study indicates that knowledge management is positively effective in the process of food exports in Iran, and all effective factors of knowledge management significantly affect the efficiency and performance of exporting. Eight-dimensional model which is suggested in this research introduces a practical strategy of evaluating the effective factors of knowledge management in food exports.


Fateh, M. A.; Sobhani, M. & Mohammai, D., (2009). Knowledge management comprehensive approach, Tehran: Publication, Payame Puya, 117- 118. (in Persian).
Malhotra, Y. (2001). Information management to knowledge management, Retrieved from
Hales, S. (2001). Dimensions Knowledge and its management, Retrieved from
Wiig K. M. (1997). Integrating Intellectual Capital and Knowledge Management. Journal of Long Range Planning, 30(3): 399-405
Hoffman J., Hoelscher M. L., Sherif K. (2005). ”Social Capital, Knowledge Management and Sustained Superior Performance”. Journal of Knowledge Management .Vol.9, No.3, p.170-182.
Ganderi S. (2010). Knowledge management and reference services. The Journal of Academic Librarianship. 30(5): 368-381
Jafari, M. Fesharaki, M. N.; Akhavan, P. (2007). Establishing an integrated KM system in Iran Aerospace Industries Organization, Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 11 Iss: 1, pp. 127 – 142.
Ghazi Zadeh Fard, S. Z., (2008). Information and communication technology and principles of information systems, Imam Hossein University.
Davel. R, & Snyman. M. (2007). Influence of corporate culture on the use of knowledge management techniques and technologies, Department of Information Knowledge Management, University of Johannesburg, 6-17.
Gold, A. Malhotra, A. & Segars, A. H. (2001). “Knowledge management: an organization capabilities perspective”. Journal of Management Information System, 18(1), 185-214
Demarest, M., (2007) Understanding knowledge management long range planning, 30(3), 374-384.
Nedlela, L.T. & Toit, A.S.A, (2001). “Establishing a knowledge management programme for competitive advantage in an enterprise”, Journal of Information Management, 21,. 157-165
Rousta, A. & Venus, D. & Ebrahimi, A., (2004). Business management, Tehran: SAMT.
Gottschalk, P. (2006). Expert systems at stage IV of the knowledge management technology stage model: The case of investigation, Expert system with application. PP. 617-628.
Koulopoulos, T., Frappaolo, C., (2005). Smart Things To Know About Knowledge Management, Capstone, Milford Connecticut
Lee, H., & Choi, B., (2003). Knowledge management enables, process, and organizational performance: An integrative view and empirical examination. Journal of Management Information Systems, 20(1), 179-228.
Newmen, B. & Connord, W. K. (1999). A framework for characterizing knowledge management methods. Theory Paper Km-Forum.Org, 30-35.
Donker, (2010). “Global marketing strategy in the 21st century: The challenges”. Japan and World Economy, 53, pp.381-384
Cadogan, J. W. (2007). “Key antecedents to export market-oriented behaviors: a cross-national empirical examination”, International Journal of Research in Marketing, 58, pp. 261-282
Kalantari, K. (2003). Data analyzing and processing in social and economic researches, Tehran: Nega.
Sarmad, Z. & Bazargan, A. & Hejazi, E. (2005). Research methods in behavioural sciences, Tehran: Agah.
Davenport, T. H, & Probst, G.J.B. (2008). Knowledge management case book. (2nd ed). Munich: Publicis Corporate Publishing & John Wiley & Sons. 40-50.
Despres C, Chauvel D. Knowledge Management. Journal of Knowledge Management 1997; 3(2): 110-120.
Probst, G. J. B., Raub, S., Romhardt, K, (1999). Wissen managen – Wie Unternehmen ihre wertvollste Ressource optimal nutzen (3. Aufl.). Frankfurt a. M.
Alavi M. and Leidner D. E. (2001). knowledge management and knowledge management systems: conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly; 25(1): 36-107.
Wong, k. Y; Aspinwall, E. (2004) "Characterizing knowledge management in the small business environment", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 8 Iss: 3, pp.44 - 61
Jashapara A. (2004). Knowledge Management Can Integrated Approach. PrenAce Hall, Pearson EducaAon Limited, Essex.
Rao M. (2005). The social life of KM tools. Knowledge Management Tools and Techniques: Practitioners and Experts Evaluate KM Solutions, Oxford: Elsevier; p.1-73.